Literary Examples:
"Out,Out", by Robert Frost

Robert Frost uses Metonymy in his poem "Out,Out" to convey a sense of emotion that is stronger then it would have been had he simply stated what was happening. This literary device gives new incite or a different interpretation that can be stronger or evoke a different response to things that said bluntly just wouldn't have the same effect. This poem is about how life is unpredictable and life may be ended suddenly, so the idea of life spilling out, as said in the line "Half in appeal, but half as if to keep the life from spilling", is supposed to procure an emotional response of a boy dying as he bleeds to death and the life he had ahead of him spilling out.
The buzz saw snarled and rattled in the yard
And made dust and dropped stove-length sticks of wood,
Sweet-scented stuff when the breeze drew across it.
And from there those that lifted eyes could count
Five mountain ranges one behing the other
Under the sunset far into Vermont.
And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled,
As it ran light, or had to bear a load.
And nothing happened: day was all but done.
Call it a day, I wish they might have said
To please the boy by giving him the half hour
That a boy counts so much when saved from work.
His sister stood beside him in her apron
To tell them "Supper." At the word, the saw
, As if it meant to prove saws know what supper meant,
Leaped out at the boy's hand, or seemed to leap -
He must have given the hand. However it was,
Neither refused the meeting. But the hand!
Half in appeal, but half as if to keep
The life from spilling. Then the boy saw all -
Since he was old enough to know, big boy
Doing a man's work, though a child at heart -
He saw all was spoiled. "Don't let him cut my hand off -
The doctor, when he comes. Don't let him, sister!"
So. The hand was gone already.
The doctor put him in the dark of ether.
He lay and puffed his lips out with his breath.
And then - the watcher at his pulse took a fright.
No one believed. They listened to his heart.
Little - less - nothing! - and that ended it.
No more to build on there. And they, since they
Were not the one dead, turned to their affairs.
In the line "Half in appeal, but half as if to keep the life from spilling" Frost is referring to the blood that is spilling from his body after he cut himself with his chainsaw, and as without blood we cannot survive, it is his life that is spilling out. This evokes more emotion because the idea of someones life spilling out of their body is much more heart wrenching then simply stating he was bleeding to death.

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